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How does woman get cervical cancer

Cervical cancer does not typically cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages of the disease. Most women are advised to get a Pap test starting at age The Pap test is one of the most reliable and effective cancer screening methods available, and women should have yearly exams by an OB-GYN. However, the Pap test may not detect some cases of abnormal cells in the cervix.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Cervical Cancer Staging

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Stanford Doctor on Latest Advances in Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment

Basic Information About Cervical Cancer

Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing cancer. Although risk factors often influence the development of cancer, most do not directly cause cancer. Some people with several risk factors never develop cancer, while others with no known risk factors do.

Knowing your risk factors and talking about them with your doctor may help you make more informed lifestyle and health care choices. Human papillomavirus HPV infection.

The most important risk factor for cervical cancer is infection with HPV. HPV is common. Most people are infected with HPV when they become sexually active, and most people clear the virus without problems. There are over different types of HPV. Not all of them are linked to cancer. Starting to have sex at an earlier age or having multiple sexual partners puts a person at higher risk of being infected with high-risk HPV types.

Immune system deficiency. Women with lowered immune systems have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer. A lowered immune system can be caused by immune suppression from corticosteroid medications, organ transplantation, treatments for other types of cancer, or from the human immunodeficiency virus HIV , which is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS.

When a woman has HIV, her immune system is less able to fight off early cancer. Women who have genital herpes have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer. Women who smoke are about twice as likely to develop cervical cancer as women who do not smoke. People younger than 20 years old rarely develop cervical cancer. The risk goes up between the late teens and mids.

Socioeconomic factors. Cervical cancer is more common among groups of women who are less likely to have access to screening for cervical cancer. Those populations are more likely to include black women, Hispanic women, American Indian women, and women from low-income households.

Oral contraceptives. Some research studies suggest that oral contraceptives, which are birth control pills, may be associated with an increase in the risk of cervical cancer. However, more research is needed to understand how oral contraceptive use and the development of cervical cancer are connected.

Exposure to diethylstilbestrol DES. Women whose mothers were given this drug during pregnancy to prevent miscarriage have an increased risk of developing a rare type of cancer of the cervix or vagina. DES was given for this purpose from about to Women exposed to DES should have an annual pelvic examination that includes a cervical Pap test as well as a 4-quadrant Pap test, in which samples of cells are taken from all sides of the vagina to check for abnormal cells.

Research continues to look into what factors cause this type of cancer, including ways to prevent it, and what women can do to lower their personal risk. There is no proven way to completely prevent this disease, but there may be steps you can take to lower your cancer risk. Talk with your health care team if you have concerns about your personal risk of developing cervical cancer.

The next section in this guide is Screening and Prevention. It explains how tests may find precancer and cancer before signs and symptoms appear.

Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide. The following factors may raise a woman's risk of developing cervical cancer: Human papillomavirus HPV infection. Types of Cancer. Cervical Cancer Guide. Net Guide Cervical Cancer. Medical Illustrations. Risk Factors. Screening and Prevention. Symptoms and Signs. Types of Treatment. About Clinical Trials.

Latest Research. Coping with Treatment. Follow-Up Care. Questions to Ask the Health Care Team. Additional Resources. View All Pages. Find a Cancer Doctor.

Facts women and men should know about cervical cancer

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called HPV. The virus spreads through sexual contact. Most women's bodies are able to fight HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer.

Back to Cervical cancer. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus HPV. HPV is spread during sexual intercourse and other types of sexual activity, such as skin-to-skin contact of the genital areas or using sex toys, and is very common.

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later. When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. The cervix connects the vagina birth canal to the upper part of the uterus. The uterus or womb is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant.

Cervical cancer symptoms

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman's cervix the entrance to the womb from the vagina. Cancer of the cervix often has no symptoms in its early stages. Abnormal bleeding doesn't mean that you definitely have cervical cancer, but it should be investigated by your GP as soon as possible. If your GP thinks you might have cervical cancer, you should be referred to see a specialist within two weeks. Over the course of many years, the cells lining the surface of the cervix undergo a series of changes. In rare cases, these precancerous cells can become cancerous. However, cell changes in the cervix can be detected at a very early stage and treatment can reduce the risk of cervical cancer developing. During cervical screening previously known as a "smear test" , a small sample of cells is taken from the cervix and checked under a microscope for abnormalities. An abnormal cervical screening test doesn't mean you definitely have cancer.

How Do You Know If You Have Cervical Cancer?

Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing cancer. Although risk factors often influence the development of cancer, most do not directly cause cancer. Some people with several risk factors never develop cancer, while others with no known risk factors do.

January 22, January is Cervical Cancer Awareness month and the message from the Centers from Disease Control and Prevention is that "no woman should die from cervical cancer.

Unit of Field and Intervention Studies. Lyon, France. Experimental, clinical, and epidemiological evidence strongly suggests that genital Human Papillomaviruses HPVs are predominantly sexually transmitted.

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer can be prevented! Vaccination, regular screening and treatment of precancerous lesions protect women from developing cancer. Cervical cancer can be cured! Timely diagnosis and treatment of early-stage cancer has a high potential for cure.

When cells in the cervix become abnormal and multiply rapidly, cervical cancer can develop. Cervical cancer can be life-threatening if it goes undetected or untreated. A specific type of virus called human papilloma virus HPV causes almost all of the cases of cervical cancer. Your doctor can screen for this virus and precancerous cells, and they can suggest treatments that can prevent cancer from occurring. Also, women may think the symptoms are related to something else, such as their menstrual cycle, a yeast infection , or a urinary tract infection. All women should have regular cervical cancer screenings, according to national guidelines.

Cervical Cancer Overview

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus HPV , a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer. When exposed to HPV , the body's immune system typically prevents the virus from doing harm. In a small percentage of people, however, the virus survives for years, contributing to the process that causes some cervical cells to become cancer cells. You can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection. The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina vaginal canal make up the female reproductive system. Two types of cells line the surface of the cervix, and both can become cancerous.

The cervix is the lower part of a woman's uterus. Most cervical cancer is caused by the HPV virus. The choice of treatment depends on the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread and whether you would like to become pregnant.

The cervix is the name for the lowest part of the uterus. Only women have a uterus. The uterus is where a baby grows and develops when a woman is pregnant. During pregnancy, the uterus grows enormously in size. When a woman is not pregnant, the uterus is a small, pear-shaped organ that sits between a woman's rectum and her bladder.

Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the narrow opening into the uterus from the vagina. Most cervical cancers 80 to 90 percent are squamous cell cancers. Adenocarcinoma is the second most common type of cervical cancer, accounting for the remaining 10 to 20 percent of cases.

Back to Health A to Z. Cervical cancer develops in a woman's cervix the entrance to the womb from the vagina. It mainly affects sexually active women aged between 30 and Abnormal bleeding does not mean you have cervical cancer, but you should see a GP as soon as possible to get it checked out.

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Comments: 3
  1. Yojin

    Thanks for an explanation. I did not know it.

  2. Shakakinos

    Excuse, that I interfere, I too would like to express the opinion.

  3. Brazilkree

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