What does a hernia look like on a man
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Everything You Want to Know About a Hernia
A hernia is a tear in your muscle or tissue that allows part of your insides to stick out. It can be a bulge of an internal organ or your intestines. Sometimes you can see the hernia, depending on its location and size. Certain activities can worsen the condition, like bending over or lifting heavy objects.
Hernias usually occur in your groin. Inguinal hernias are common and are mostly found in men. Femoral hernias are much less common and are mostly found in women.
The abdomen is another frequent hernia location. If hernias occur in the midline of the abdomen, they are called ventral hernias. If they occur at the site of a previous surgical scar, they are incisional hernias.
Umbilical hernias occur in association with your belly button and are found more commonly in babies. In a hiatal hernia , part of the upper stomach comes through an opening in your diaphragm, or chest wall.
This hernia can cause acid to leak from your stomach into your esophagus. The esophagus is a tube that connects your throat to your stomach. Effects of hiatal hernias include heartburn, indigestion, and acid reflux. Hernias also can be birth defects. This can create space for your stomach to move into your chest. Sometimes doctors find the defect when you are a baby. Other times, they may not find it until later in life. In severe cases, your stomach can crowd your chest organs, like your lungs and heart.
You might not have symptoms, depending on the type of hernia you have. One common sign of a hernia is the visible bulge in the affected area. Other reported symptoms include pressure, a cough, heartburn, and difficulty swallowing. Severe hernia symptoms are shooting pain, vomiting, and constipation. Hernias can cause your organs or tissue to become infected, blocked, or strangled. The various types of hernias can have different causes. In general, a hernia starts with pressure on an organ or your intestines.
A hernia forms when this pressure happens in the same area as a weakened muscle or tissue. However, most people get hernias as their bodies age and their muscles weaken. You also can get a hernia, or worsen an existing one, from certain movements and habits. These include:. Your doctor usually can detect a hernia in a physical exam. He or she also might order tests to further assess your condition and the cause. An ultrasound test uses sound waves to scan your body.
A barium X-ray takes images of your digestive area and intestines. A computed tomography CT scan also uses X-rays to get pictures. An endoscopy studies your esophagus and stomach using a small camera at the end of a flexible tube. You cannot always prevent hernias. A congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect.
You also can be born with weak muscles that make it easier to get a hernia later in life. Treatment options depend on the type of hernia you have and your state of health. At first, your doctor may suggest monitoring your condition for changes.
This may also include making changes to your diet, activity, and habits. Medicines may help lessen hernia symptoms. If the hernia does not improve or worsens, your doctor will discuss surgery.
There are two types of surgical treatment. Laparoscopic surgery is less invasive. Your doctor or a surgeon will make small cuts in the affected area to fix the hernia. Open repair surgery requires a larger cut to make the repair.
As part of surgery, your doctor might use surgical mesh. This is considered a medical device. The purpose of surgical mesh is to act as a support for your weakened muscle or tissue.
Mesh products can be synthetic or made from animal tissue. Surgical mesh comes in two forms. Temporary mesh is one that your body will absorb. It works with your muscles and tissue to strengthen over time. Permanent mesh is meant to provide long-term muscle support. Most types of hernias can be treated and corrected. However, it is common for hernias to come back.
In some cases, surgical mesh can help reduce this chance. Talk to your doctor or surgeon about the best treatment option for you and how to prevent recurring hernias. People who have a congenital diaphragmatic hernia may have other health issues. Talk to your doctor about how to treat and manage these.
This article was contributed by: familydoctor. This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject. Reflux is a medical condition that happens when the acid in your stomach backs up to your throat. There are 3 types of over-the-counter medicines that treat heartburn and acid reflux: antacids, H2 blockers and proton pump….
Heartburn is a burning feeling in the lower chest, along with a sour or bitter taste in the throat…. Visit The Symptom Checker. Read More. Food Poisoning. Acute Bronchitis. Eustachian Tube Dysfunction. Bursitis of the Hip. Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Fever in Infants and Children. Home Diseases and Conditions Hernia. Table of Contents. What is a hernia? Symptoms of a hernia You might not have symptoms, depending on the type of hernia you have.
What causes a hernia? These include: Picking up heavy objects especially lifting them in the wrong way and with weak muscles Overuse of the same muscle Strained movement such as ongoing coughing, sneezing, diarrhea, or constipation Being overweight or having poor nutrition Use of tobacco Having part of your organ or tissue push through a cut from surgery incisional hernia.
How is a hernia diagnosed? Can a hernia be prevented or avoided? You can reduce your chance of getting some types of hernias by: Eating smaller meals Losing weight if you are obese Avoiding or limiting alcohol and tobacco Avoiding or limiting certain foods such as things that are spicy or high in fiber Using proper lifting techniques to prevent strains.
Hernia treatment Treatment options depend on the type of hernia you have and your state of health. Living with a hernia Most types of hernias can be treated and corrected. Questions to ask your doctor Are there exercises I can do to strengthen my muscles and prevent a hernia? What is the chance of my hernia coming back? My hernia only bothers me from time to time. Do I even need to see a doctor? Last Updated: November 13, This article was contributed by: familydoctor.
Tags: congenital diaphragmatic hernia , femoral groin hernia , Hernias , hiatal hernia , inguinal groin hernia. Related Articles.
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What are Hydroceles and Inguinal Hernias?
A hernia occurs when a piece of skin or organ tissue like the intestine bulges through the outer tissue layer that normally holds the area in. Several different hernia types exist — and some can be extremely painful and medical emergencies. Keep reading to find out more about hernias, plus view images of some of the most common hernia types. Typically, protective layers of tissue called fascia hold organs and tissues in place. They act as a strong outer covering to keep tissue supported and in place.
A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. For example, the intestines may break through a weakened area in the abdominal wall. Many hernias occur in the abdomen between your chest and hips, but they can also appear in the upper thigh and groin areas. Sometimes they can require surgery to prevent dangerous complications. The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge or lump in the affected area.
What Is a Hernia?
Hernias are relatively common and can afflict anyone. But how do you know if you have one? Hernias can be caused by a variety of circumstances. You might get one because of muscle weakness, straining from heavy lifting or a previous injury. When you get a hernia, an organ or fatty tissue protrudes through the wall of the cavity in which it is contained, typically in the abdomen. Here is a list of the most common types of hernias:. If the wall through which the intestine is protruding closes shut, it can cause a strangulated hernia, which cuts off blood flow to the bowel. This condition requires emergency surgery. Signs that you or a loved one might have a hernia include:.
Different Types of Hernia in Men
Find out about the most common hernias in men and women and treatment options that work best for each sex. But other types of hernias are actually more common in women, while still others occur at similar rates in men and women. Hernias occur when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in the wall of muscle that's holding it in. Inguinal hernias aka, groin hernias occur when contents of the abdomen — usually fat or part of the small intestine — bulge through a weak area in the lower abdominal wall into the inguinal canal in the groin region. Ganshirt notes.
A hernia is a tear in your muscle or tissue that allows part of your insides to stick out. It can be a bulge of an internal organ or your intestines. Sometimes you can see the hernia, depending on its location and size.
Hernias by Picture
Inguinal hernias occur when part of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity omentum or intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdomen — often along the inguinal canal, which carries the spermatic cord in men. An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object.
Jump to content. A hernia occurs when an organ protrudes through the wall of muscle that encircles it. There are a few different types of hernias that can occur in the area of the groin. For more information on inguinal and femoral hernias, and the symptoms and treatment methods associated with these hernias, please see below. Inguinal hernias, also known as groin hernias, occur when a bit of tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the muscles between the upper thigh and the lower abdomen. Inguinal hernias are usually caused by an opening in the muscle wall that should have closed before birth but instead remained open.
What Are the Symptoms of a Hernia, and How Is It Diagnosed?
Back to Health A to Z. In many cases, it causes no or very few symptoms, although you may notice a swelling or lump in your tummy abdomen or groin. The lump can often be pushed back in or disappears when you lie down. Coughing or straining may make the lump appear. It's often associated with ageing and repeated strain on the tummy. Like inguinal hernias, femoral hernias are also associated with ageing and repeated strain on the tummy. Umbilical hernias occur when fatty tissue or part of your bowel pokes through your tummy near your belly button. Hiatus hernias occur when part of the stomach pushes up into your chest by squeezing through an opening in the diaphragm, the thin sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the tummy.
A hernia happens when an area of an organ or tissue pushes through a weakened layer of muscle, usually in your groin or abdomen. A hernia can be external, pushing through muscle toward the outside of your body and visible under your skin, or internal, when it pushes through a different muscle layer deep under the skin. Your doctor will diagnose a hernia based on your symptoms and health history, a physical exam, and possibly blood tests or imaging scans of the affected area. The most common hernias are external, although this category covers a few different types of hernia. Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia.