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How a girl period

Read terms. Number Replaces Committee Opinion , November The American Academy of Pediatrics endorses this document. This document reflects emerging concepts on patient safety and is subject to change. The information should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed. Environmental factors, including socioeconomic conditions, nutrition, and access to preventive health care, may influence the timing and progression of puberty.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Why do women have periods?

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What Is Periods? Simple Understanding Of Menstrual Cycle - Stages Of Periods

Growing up: Information for girls about puberty

Back to Periods. The length of the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman, but the average is to have periods every 28 days.

Regular cycles that are longer or shorter than this, from 21 to 40 days, are normal. Between the ages of 12 and 52, a woman will have around periods, or fewer if she has any pregnancies. To understand the menstrual cycle, it helps to know about the reproductive organs inside a woman's body.

These are:. The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones. In each cycle, rising levels of the hormone oestrogen cause the ovary to develop and release an egg ovulation. The womb lining also starts to thicken. In the second half of the cycle, the hormone progesterone helps the womb to prepare for implantation of a developing embryo.

The egg travels down the fallopian tubes. If pregnancy doesn't occur, the egg is reabsorbed into the body. Levels of oestrogen and progesterone fall, and the womb lining comes away and leaves the body as a period the menstrual flow. A period is made up of blood and the womb lining. The first day of a woman's period is day 1 of the menstrual cycle.

Once she starts her periods, 1 egg develops and is released during each menstrual cycle. After ovulation, the egg lives for 24 hours.

Pregnancy happens if a man's sperm meet and fertilise the egg. Sperm can survive in the fallopian tubes for up to 7 days after sex. Occasionally, more than 1 egg is released during ovulation. If more than 1 egg is fertilised it can lead to a multiple pregnancy, such as twins. A woman can't get pregnant if ovulation doesn't occur. Some methods of hormonal contraception — such as the combined pill , the contraceptive patch and the contraceptive injection — work by stopping ovulation.

It's difficult to pinpoint exactly when ovulation happens but in most women, it happens around 10 to 16 days before the next period. This might be true for women who have a regular, day cycle, but it won't apply to women whose cycles are shorter or longer. For more information on fertility awareness, see the FPA guide to natural family planning.

Vaginal secretions sometimes called vaginal discharge change during the menstrual cycle. Around the time of ovulation, they become thinner and stretchy, a bit like raw egg white.

See your GP if you are concerned about a change in your vaginal discharge. Read more about getting pregnant , fertility and period problems. Page last reviewed: 5 August Next review due: 5 August Periods and fertility in the menstrual cycle - Periods Contents Overview Delayed periods Period problems.

Read more about starting periods. What happens during the menstrual cycle? These are: 2 ovaries — where eggs are stored, developed and released the womb uterus — where a fertilised egg implants and a baby develops the fallopian tubes — two thin tubes that connect the ovaries to the womb the cervix — the entrance to the womb from the vagina the vagina The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones. The time from the release of an egg to the start of a period is around 10 to 16 days.

Watch an animation about how the menstrual cycle works. Media last reviewed: 21 October Media review due: 21 October

All About Periods

A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods.

Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions. You may want to look at their policies.

Back to Periods. Most girls start their periods when they're about 12, but they can start as early as 8, so it's important to talk to girls from an early age to make sure they're prepared before the big day. Many parents feel awkward talking about periods, especially with pre-teen girls, who can seem to get easily embarrassed. One way round this is to respond to questions or opportunities as they arise.

10 Common Period Questions

If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. A period, or menstruation, is the shedding of the lining of the womb. Menstruation is also known as menses. Menses are part of normal sexual health for women during their reproductive years. Menstruation that includes bleeding from the vagina is found mainly among humans and similar animals, such as primates. Women have a period approximately every 28 days; however, there is some variation in this cycle, ranging from a day to a day cycle. It is a sign that the body is working normally. From the time when she has her first period, or a few days before, she can become pregnant.

Your First Period

In order to facilitate your browsing on our site and understand how you use it, we and our partners place cookies on it. By continuing your visit to our site, you accept these cookies on your computer. For more information on the management of cookies, click here. But until then, we want to help you feel calmer and more prepared by answering some of the most commonly asked questions. A period refers to the part of the menstrual cycle when a woman experiences bleeding from her vagina.

Back to Periods. The length of the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman, but the average is to have periods every 28 days.

NCBI Bookshelf. Many girls and women have problems like abdominal cramps and pain during their menstrual period. Although menstruation is a normal part of a woman's life, severe period pain need not be. Women don't have to simply put up with it — menstrual pain can usually be treated effectively.

What are periods, really?

Usually about 2 years after your breasts begin to form, you will have your first menstrual period. You can still participate in sports and activities. Exercising may even help relieve the pain and discomfort of cramps.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: 10 PERIOD LIFE HACKS FOR BACK TO SCHOOL! What to do when you get your period at school?!

Your child will go through lots of changes in puberty. One of the most significant milestones is her first period. Most of the blood and tissue comes out in the first couple of days, but some girls will continue to have bleeding for up to seven days. The amount of bleeding varies. If a girl has a major growth spurt and has grown some underarm hair, periods are likely to be just around the corner. Cycles are usually between 25 and 35 days.

Menstruation in Girls and Adolescents: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign

How can I track my period on a calendar? What personal care products are available for me during my menstrual period? Does having a period cause pain or discomfort? Starting your menstrual period is one of these changes. When puberty begins, your brain signals your body to produce hormones. Some of these hormones prepare your body each month for a possible pregnancy. This is called the menstrual cycle. Hormones cause the lining of the uterus to become thicker with extra blood and tissue.

Feb 20, - A girl's periods generally begin between the ages of 12 and 14 years, but this can vary from 8 to 16 years. Menstruation is a major stage in a girl's  ‎What is a period? · ‎When do periods start? · ‎The menstrual cycle · ‎Irregular periods.

A period is when blood comes out through a girl's vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. Puberty is when your body goes from looking like a kid's into looking more like a grown-up's. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that kids have.

Menstruation in Girls and Adolescents: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign


What are menstruation, periods, and PMS?






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